News Releases

Russia Sanctions: A Dangerous Political Football

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Senators Richard Durbin, Chris Coons, and Amy Klobuchar discuss the White House inquiry into election records, July 11, 2017. (AP Photo / Jacquelyn Martin)

Senators Richard Durbin, Chris Coons, and Amy Klobuchar discuss the White House inquiry into election records, July 11, 2017. (AP Photo / Jacquelyn Martin)

CNN reports today: “President Donald Trump signed into law Wednesday morning legislation that levies new sanctions against Russia and restricts Trump’s own ability to ease sanctions in place against Moscow.

“The bill is one of the first major pieces of legislation that was sent to Trump’s desk, and it represents a rebuke of the President by giving Congress new veto power to block him from removing Russia sanctions.”

RootsAction — which has put out a petition with over 60,000 signers warning of conflict with Russia being sparked by U.S. intervention in Syria — is sponsoring a news conference on Tuesday at the National Press Club.

DANIEL McADAMS, dlmcadams at gmail.com, @DanielLMcAdams
McAdams is executive director of the Ron Paul Institute for Peace and Prosperity. He has been writing extensively on Russia policy, see his recent pieces here.

VADIM NIKITIN, [in London] vadim.o.nikitin at gmail.com, @vadim_nikitin
Nikitin just wrote the piece “We Need to Stop Using Russia as a Political Football” for The Nation.

Nikitin writes: “By voting in new sanctions against Russia, Congress torpedoed the White House’s dream of rapprochement with the Kremlin. Yet its real target was not a foreign foe but an unpopular Republican president threatened by impeachment over alleged electoral manipulation. With the commander in chief dogged by perceived softness on Moscow and crippled by plummeting approval ratings, Congress chose foreign policy as the weapon with which to deliver its coup de grâce.

“The besieged president in this story is not Donald Trump in 2017 but Richard Nixon in 1973. Ostensibly targeting the Watergate White House’s controversial policy of détente with the Soviet Union, Democrat hawks joined forces with Republican deserters to push through the Jackson-Vanik Amendment, which placed trade restrictions on Communist-bloc countries that prohibited free emigration, particularly concerning Jews. …

“That the USSR had just agreed to reduce travel restrictions mattered little to Henry ‘Scoop’ Jackson, a neocon Democrat hoping to use the amendment as his cheap ticket to the presidency. Jackson never made it past the 1976 primaries, but his eponymous legislation soured U.S.-Russian relations for half a century. Today’s lawmakers seem hellbent on repeating the same mistake. …

“A similar pattern has already emerged with the sanctions newly codified in last week’s bill. Since their introduction in 2014, they have done nothing to roll back Russia’s occupation of Crimea. If anything, Moscow has become more willing to assert its interests abroad. Over the past three years, Russia has intervened militarily to rescue Bashar al-Assad’s government in Syria and support Iranian proxies fighting the Islamic State in Iraq. Not to mention the main catalyst for this new legislation: the Kremlin’s alleged meddling in the U.S. presidential election. …

“Most importantly, by preventing the president from relaxing the sanctions without congressional approval, the bill … threatens to emulate the worst aspect of its predecessor: the near-impossibility of repeal. As Jackson-Vanik showed, once Congress has added such a powerful instrument to its arsenal, it won’t readily part with it. Long after the Soviet Union itself receded into history, the zombie amendment continued to be used to punish Russia for a host of entirely unrelated issues, from opposition to the Iraq War to trade disputes involving frozen chicken. Indeed, Congress allowed Obama finally to repeal Jackson-Vanik in 2012 only on condition that he agree to replace it with new sanctions in the form of the Magnitsky Act, which targets Russian officials thought to be implicated in the death of a lawyer who had blown the whistle on a major corruption ring linked to the Kremlin.”

Nikitin is a Murmansk-born, London-based Russia analyst and financial-crime specialist. His commentary and book reviews have appeared in The Guardian, The New York Times, and Dissent.

Enough About Russia? U.S. Openly Interfering in Venezuela, Violating OAS Charter

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170321_-_rex_tillerson_-_0535_4e05df9c54c130fbe6673086f1309b33.nbcnews-ux-2880-1000Secretary of State Rex Tillerson stated Tuesday afternoon regarding Venezuela: “We are evaluating all of our policy options as to what can we do to create a change of conditions where either [President of Venezuela Nicolas] Maduro decides he doesn’t have a future and wants to leave of his own accord or we can return the government processes back to their constitution.” See video.

The following analysts scrutinize much of Tillerson’s characterization of Venezuela’s election in his remarks, but particularly note that the U.S. government is openly interfering in Venezuela’s electoral system. They also note that this violates the Organization of American States Charter, which unequivocally states:

Article 19: “No State or group of States has the right to intervene, directly or indirectly, for any reason whatever, in the internal or external affairs of any other State. The foregoing principle prohibits not only armed force but also any other form of interference or attempted threat against the personality of the State or against its political, economic, and cultural elements.”

Article 20: “No State may use or encourage the use of coercive measures of an economic or political character in order to force the sovereign will of another State and obtain from it advantages of any kind.”

SUSAN SCOTT,  syscott at sonic.net
Scott is with the National Lawyers Guild Task Force on the Americas. She questions the legality of U.S. sanctions as well as funding of opposition groups in Venezuela and elsewhere.

DAN KOVALIK, (412) 335-6442, DKovalik@usw.org
Kovalik is author of the just-released book The Plot to Scapegoat Russia: How the CIA and the Deep State Have Conspired to Vilify Russia. He teaches international human rights at the University of Pittsburgh School of Law. He was just in Venezuela and contrasts focusing on any possible allegation regarding Russian interference in the 2016 U.S. election, while the U.S. government is openly getting away with interfering in Venezuela and elsewhere.

At the White House news conference Monday, Sec. of Treasury Steven Mnuchin was asked:

Q: “Sixteen years ago, Secretary Powell signed an agreement in South America in which the U.S. completely ruled out support of coups that would have an indirect change of government throughout Latin America, and supported direct succession. This occurred in Haiti when President Aristide was overthrown. Are you still abiding by the agreement Secretary Powell signed, and ruling out U.S. support of a coup or of an uprising against the Maduro regime that brings in new leadership?”

Sec. Mnuchin: “Again, I’m just going to comment on — we are focused on the democratic process, and that’s what we’re focused on right now.”

See recent piece by Mark Weisbrot: “Harsher sanctions on Venezuela will only worsen the nation’s crisis,” which states: “Under U.S. law, the president’s executive order has to state an obvious falsehood, that there is ‘a national emergency with respect to the unusual and extraordinary threat to the national security’ of the United States caused by Venezuela. And the sanctions clearly violate the Charter of the Organization of American States (Chapter 4, Article 19), as well as other international treaties to which the U.S. is a signatory.”

Background: The Real News reports “Dov Levin of Carnegie Mellon University looked at U.S. and Russian interference in other countries’ elections since World War II and found that the U.S. was far in the lead, interfering over 80 times.”

Venezuela: Demonization of Government, Glamorization of Opposition

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Venezuelan Chavista constituent assembly candidate José Félix Pineda was shot to death in his home last night, on the eve of the vote

Venezuelan Chavista constituent assembly candidate José Félix Pineda was shot to death in his home Saturday night, on the eve of the vote

CBS News reports: “U.S. blasts Venezuela vote as ‘step toward dictatorship.'” The Independent recently reported: “CIA chief hints agency is working to change Venezuelan government.”

KATRINA KOZAREK, kozarek.katrina at gmail.com, @venanalysis
LUCAS KOERNER, lmkoerner11 at gmail.com
Kozarek is a vídeo reporter with venezuelanalysis.com located in Barquisimeto in the state of Lara. Recent pieces from the group include “U.S. Vice President Pence Telephones Venezuela’s Leopoldo Lopez,” which states: “Right-wing leader Lopez is a controversial figure in Venezuela. In 2015 he was given a 13-year nine month jail sentence for his role in leading violent anti-government protests the previous year which led to the deaths of 43 people.”

Koerner’s pieces include “Venezuela: 7 Dead in 48-Hour Opposition Strike as UN Calls to Respect ANC Vote,” “Freedom House Brands Venezuela ‘Not Free,’ Whitewashes Brazilian Coup,” and “Authoritarianism in Venezuela?

JOE EMERSBERGER, jemersberger at aol.com, @rosendo_joe
Emersberger is a Canada-based writer with Ecuadorian roots who has written primarily for Telesur English and Znet. He said today: “The critical thing to understand is that Venezuela is a democracy — has as much right to be called that as any other country on earth, certainly as much as the U.S. and its allies in the region like Colombia and Mexico. Saying otherwise is part of a strategy deployed for the last 15 years to whitewash violent and undemocratic opposition leaders.” His recent pieces include: “The Toronto Globe and Mail says Venezuelan opposition trying to starve the poor into rebellion” and “Trump Is Not the Venezuelan Supreme Court.” See his recent interview on The Real News about skewed media coverage of Venezuela.

BEN NORTON, email at bennorton.com
A reporter for AlterNet and contributor at the media watch group FAIR, Norton recently noted on his Twitter feed: “Venezuelan Chavista constituent assembly candidate José Félix Pineda was shot to death in his home last night, on the eve of the vote.” Norton notes that some media outlets claimed the candidate was a member of the opposition. Norton also writes: “After bombing the Bolivarian National Police (and applauding), rightwing Venezuelan opposition protesters dragged a burned police motorcycle.” He links to a video: “Here are Venezuelan opposition extremists on July 28, openly calling for an armed uprising against the elected gov.” See series of tweets with photos and videos here.

Pakistan’s Sharif Out: A New Independence?

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597b15d787558The New York Times reports: “Nawaz Sharif, Pakistan’s Prime Minister, Toppled by Corruption Case.” The Dawn reports: “Nawaz Sharif Steps Down as PM After Supreme Court’s Disqualification Verdict.”

JUNAID AHMAD, [currently in NYC], junaidsahmad at gmail.com
Ahmad is assistant professor, faculty of advanced studies at the University of Lahore in Pakistan, and Secretary-General of the International Movement for a Just World (JUST). He is also director of the Center for Global Dialogue. He said today: “This was largely spurred by the Panama Papers leaks with their revelations of the extent of the corruption, money laundering and offshore accounts by Prime Minister Nawaz Sharif and his family.

“It was largely led by the popular PTI [Movement for Justice] leader Imran Khan who launched protests and sit-ins in the capital. And they succeeded.

“This is the third Sharif government to have been removed from power. It is quite different this time since it’s not a military coup, but from a judicial process.

“It would seem that it’s a new-found independence of the Supreme Court to have the courage to pursue the political class that has plundered the country. But it does seem the Supreme Court had the backing of the omnipresent military establishment.

“It’s noteworthy that none of these prime ministers have served their full five-year terms in power. But the prevailing consensus now is that this is the result of a functioning democratic process.

“The question now is, what fills the vacuum? The Supreme Court wants much of the cabinet, especially the prime minister and finance minister out. Will elections be called, or will there be a caretaker government?

“Geopolitically, the establishment in Pakistan has been distancing itself from Washington and moving toward China. Hence, this would seem to be a setback for the U.S.-India-Saudi block, which was increasingly seeing Nawaz Sharif as a pliant lackey with whom they could do business.”

U.S. Good, Russia Bad?

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newsrelease32MELVIN GOODMAN, goody789 at verizon.net
Goodman is a senior fellow at the Center for International Policy and a professor of government at Johns Hopkins University. A former CIA analyst, Goodman is the author of Failure of Intelligence: The Decline and Fall of the CIA and National Insecurity: The Cost of American Militarism. His latest book is titled A Whistleblower at the CIA.

He just wrote the piece “The Myth of American Exceptionalism” for Counterpunch. Goodman writes: “Like too many nations, the United States likes to think of itself as a chosen nation and a chosen people. …

“An excellent example of our exceptionalism appeared in Sunday’s Washington Post in the form of an op-ed by Tom Malinowski, the former assistant secretary of state for democracy, human rights and labor in the Obama administration. In a fatuous display of ignorance, Malinowski lambasted Russian President Vladimir Putin for stating that the United States frequently meddles in the politics and elections of other countries. Malinowski argued that it is Russia that interferes in democratic elections, such as the U.S. presidential race in 2016, but that the United States consistently ‘promotes democracy in other countries.’

“One of the reasons why the United States has so little credibility in making the case against Russian interference in the U.S. presidential election is the sordid record of the White House and the Central Intelligence Agency in conducting regime change and even political assassination to influence political conditions around the world. …

“The revelation of assassination plots in Cuba, the Congo, the Dominican Republic, and Vietnam finally led to a ban on CIA political assassination in the mid-1970s. Nevertheless, when Libyan leader Muammar Qadafi was killed, Secretary of State Hillary Clinton boasted that ‘we came, we saw, he died.’ In an incredible turn of events, the United States invaded Iraq to overthrow Saddam Hussein, although it was a CIA-sponsored coup against Colonel Abdul Kassem that led to the emergence of Saddam Hussein in the first place.

“Vladimir Putin is certainly aware of CIA intervention of behalf of the Solidarity movement in Poland to destabilize the communist government there in the early 1980s; to bolster the regime of former president Eduard Shevardnadze in the Republic of Georgia in the 1990s; and more recently to undermine the regime of former president Viktor Yanukovych in Ukraine.

“Putin’s intervention in Syria in 2015 was designed in part to make sure that the U.S. history of regime change didn’t include another chapter in the Middle East.”

Background: The Real News reports “Dov Levin of Carnegie Mellon University looked at U.S. and Russian interference in other countries’ elections since World War II and found that the U.S. was far in the lead, interfering over 80 times.”

See from FAIR: “Media Mourn End of CIA Killing Syrians and Strengthening Al Qaeda.”

The Plot to Scapegoat Russia

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51y83D5Rz-LDAN KOVALIK, DKovalik at usw.org
Kovalik is author of the just-released book The Plot to Scapegoat Russia: How the CIA and the Deep State Have Conspired to Vilify Russia. He teaches international human rights at the University of Pittsburgh School of Law. See the book’s forward by David Talbot, the founder of Salon.com.

Kovalik’s pieces on Huffington Post include “Listen Liberals: Russia Is Not Our Enemy” and “‘The Resistance’ That Doesn’t Resist War.”

He said today: “The House overwhelmingly passing sanctions on Russia, Iran and North Korea is not what it seems. While these sanctions were allegedly passed to respond to aggression by Russia, Iran and North Korea, they seem more targeted toward giving the U.S. a greater share of Europe’s market for natural gas — a market now largely supplied by Russia. The New York Times just reported: ‘”We are following the draft bill on Russia sanctions with some concern, notably because of its possible impact on the E.U.’s energy independence,” a European Commission spokesman, Margaritis Schinas, said on Monday.’

“The pretext for these sanctions is somewhere between dubious and laughable. First and foremost, the American public has yet to be presented with any reliable evidence of Russian meddling in the 2016 election. Moreover, the claims of Russian meddling are patently hypocritical given the U.S. government’s own meddling in many other countries in recent decades, including in the 1996 Russian presidential elections. The U.S. outright invaded Iraq, bombed Libya and numerous other countries in recent years to effectuate regime change, and it is currently threatening regime change in Iran, Venezuela and North Korea. It is therefore in no position to lecture Russia regarding Crimea, international law or anything else.” See Kovalik’s piece on Counterpunch: “The United States as Destroyer of Nations.”

“This doesn’t mean Russia and Vladimir Putin are beyond serious criticism. No one is. But what’s happening here is clearly a major effort to demonize Putin. This facilitates several agendas: Painting the U.S. as a benevolent force on the world stage rather than critically assess the damage its regime change wars have caused. It is used by the establishment of the Democratic Party to justify their loss to Trump and lack of a serious affirmative program. And it facilitates the continued militarization of U.S. foreign policy and the continued dominance of the Military Industrial Complex.

“These sanctions increase the chances of war between the U.S. and any or all of these countries. As such, these sanctions, which could indeed be interpreted as a declaration of economic war against these nations, should not be welcome. History and current events demonstrate that Russia is not our enemy, and the American public should resist the push to paint it as such lest we be misled into but another, and potentially more disastrous, war. Whatever one thinks of Trump, his one rational policy is his desire to have detente with Russia, and that is the very policy which the Democrats are resisting the most.”

Trump Backing Away from CIA in Syria?

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newsrelease31President Donald Trump tweeted late Monday: “The Amazon Washington Post fabricated the facts on my ending massive, dangerous, and wasteful payments to Syrian rebels fighting Assad…..” The British Independent reports “Donald Trump confirms covert CIA programme in Syria on Twitter.”

The Washington Post recently ran a piece by Michael G. Vickers, formerly of the CIA, “The Trump administration should not give up on removing Assad in Syria.” Vickers writes: “President Ronald Reagan understood the potential of covert proxy wars to alter global power balances. Through stepped-up support for the Afghan mujahideen and other anti-Communist movements, and other, complementary strategic policies, he won the Cold War. It took the Carter and Reagan administrations more than five years to come up with a war-winning strategy (work that I helped to lead as a CIA officer) against the Soviet Union in Afghanistan. The same could be done in Syria today.”

In 2013, Ivan Eland wrote the piece “Hold U.S. Policymakers to Their Abysmal Record on Foreign Meddling,” precisely warning of a repeat in Syria: “In a situation similar to today’s Syria, U.S. weapons supplies to Afghan rebels fighting the Soviets went to the most radical groups, leading to the rise of al Qaeda and the Taliban, the 9/11 attacks, and ultimately the Afghan bog in which the United States now finds itself.”

IVAN ELAND, ieland at independent.org, @Ivan_Eland
Eland is senior fellow and director of the Center on Peace & Liberty at the Independent Institute. His books include Putting “Defense” Back into U.S. Defense Policy.

He said today: “The problem with funding non-governmental fighting groups in Syria has always been one of shifting alliances and also the capture of U.S. war materiel by hostile terror groups. President Obama was leery of getting more involved in the chaotic, multi-sided civil war in Syria for exactly this reason. Yet he did fund and arm groups against the Assad government and also groups going after ISIS.

“President Trump has wisely ended aid to the anti-Assad groups, but whether they will now turn on the United States is unclear. Unfortunately, he has doubled down on support for the Kurdish-Arab coalition fighting ISIS. Where these arms will eventually end up is anyone’s guess. Even if ISIS is defeated, what is next? Will Trump allow Iranian-backed militias and Assad’s forces to take over territory that ISIS has abandoned or increase supplies for the Kurds/Arabs to fight them? If the Syrian forces and militias defeat the Kurds/Arabs, will they be made stronger by capturing U.S. war materiel? The next civil war in Syria may drag in both Russia and the United States supporting opposing sides — with the potential for escalation between two nuclear powers always in the background.”

Eland’s most recent piece warns of troop escalations in Afghanistan and Syria: “Trump’s Slide into Endless-War Syndrome.”

The Daily Beast recently reported: “Turkey Leaks Secret Locations of U.S. Troops in Syria.”

Also, see: “The CIA, Amazon, Bezos and the Washington Post.”

How Trump Helps Netanyahu Push Palestinians into a Corner

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waiting_fence_qalanidya_tamarf_pc_smallVoice of America reports: “The spike in tensions, and the deaths of three Israelis and four Palestinians in violence on Friday and Saturday, have triggered international alarm and prompted the United Nations Security Council to convene a meeting for Monday to seek ways of calming the situation.”

RAMZY BAROUD, ramzybaroud at gmail.com, @palestinechron

Baroud is editor of the PalestineChronicle.com, which contains up-to-date news and views. He recently wrote the piece “The story behind the Jerusalem attack: How Trump and Netanyahu pushed the Palestinians into a corner,” which states: “Last April, the Israeli government announced plans to build 15,000 new housing units in Occupied Jerusalem, contrary to international law. The international community recognizes East Jerusalem as a Palestinian city. The United States, too, accepts international consensus on Jerusalem, and attempts by the U.S. Congress to challenge the White House on this understanding have all failed. That is, until Donald Trump came to power.

“Prior to his inauguration in January, Trump had promised to relocate the American embassy from Tel Aviv to Jerusalem. The announcement was welcomed by Israeli rightwing politicians and extremists alike. Many of Israel’s supporters in the U.S. saw this as a good sign of the Trump presidency. While the U.S. embassy is yet to officially move to Jerusalem, the new administration is sending a message that it is no longer bound by international law with regard to the Occupied Territories. …

“Despite U.S.-Israeli pressure, several resolutions have been passed by UNESCO and the UN General Assembly in recent months, which have reaffirmed Palestinian rights in the city.

“Israel and the U.S. moved to punish Palestinians for UNESCO’s decisions. It began when the Israeli Knesset began pushing laws that make life even more difficult for Palestinian Jerusalemites, including a law that limits the Muslim call for prayer. The law, which passed its second reading last March, was championed by Israeli Prime Minister, Benjamin Netanyahu. Israeli police expanded the ever-growing list of Palestinians who are not allowed to reach their houses of worship. …

“Concurrently, the new U.S. ambassador to the UN, Nikki Haley, took on the task of silencing any international criticism of the Israeli occupation, calling international attempts to end the occupation a form of ‘bullying.’ Assured by the unconditional U.S. support, Netanyahu moved to new extremes. He severed his country’s ties with UNESCO and called for the dismantlement of UN headquarters in the occupied Palestinian city.”

Baroud’s other recent pieces include “Israel vs. the United Nations: the Nikki Haley doctrine,” “Trump’s visit to Israel: How Palestine disappeared from U.S. media coverage” and “Pushing Gaza to suicide.”

Baroud‘s books include Searching Jenin, The Second Palestinian Intifada and his latest My Father Was a Freedom Fighter: Gaza’s Untold Story. See from March in the British

See from March in the British Independent: “Israel bill to limit Muslim call to prayer passes parliamentary first reading.”

Wray for FBI: Russia Obsession Eclipses Other Issues

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90SUE UDRY, sue at rightsanddissent.org, @defenddissent

Udry is executive director of Defending Rights and Dissent, a national civil liberties organization. The she just wrote the piece “No Commitment On Mosque Surveillance, Muslim Registry, Racial or Religious Profiling, or Police Accountability From Wray. But He’ll Be Confirmed Anyway.”

Udry writes: “Members of the Senate Judiciary Committee believe that Trump’s nominee for FBI Director, Christopher Wray, did not pledge his loyalty to Donald Trump, and will not sweep the Russia investigation under the rug. And apparently very little else matters to them.

“The Committee unanimously approved Wray’s confirmation [Thursday], clearing the way for full Senate confirmation before the August recess.

“Unlike members of the committee, we were not satisfied with Wray’s testimony at his confirmation hearing, and his response to additional Questions For the Record (QFRs) posed by Democratic members of the Judiciary Committee do little to allay those concerns.

“As is often the case in these confirmation hearings, members of the Senate are forgiving of forgetfulness and inability to recall important incidents and conversations, as well as general ignorance on issues that are vital to the job the nominee is applying for.

“Wray told Senators that he doesn’t know what the FBI is up to with regard to terrorist recruitment, isn’t familiar with how hate crime statistics or police use-of-force incidents are reported, doesn’t know much about the FBI’s budget, can’t comment on a host of matters including voter fraud, anti-Muslim campaign rhetoric, and unabashedly admitted that he hasn’t even reviewed the Attorney General Guidelines for FBI Domestic Operations (the rulebook that governs FBI investigations) recently.

“Senator Hirono submitted some detailed QFRs based on questions recommended by Defending Rights & Dissent, to try to understand the role race, ethnicity, religion and national origin will be used as factors to open investigations (described as ‘assessments’ in the AG Guidelines). But Wray dodged the questions. …”

Will CIA End Support for Rebels in Syria?

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newsrelease30Reuters reports: “Trump ends CIA arms support for anti-Assad Syria rebels: U.S. officials.”

RAY McGOVERN, rrmcgovern at gmail.com, @raymcgovern
As a CIA analyst for 27 years, McGovern led the Soviet Foreign Policy Branch and, during President Ronald Reagan’s first term, conducted the early morning briefings with the President’s Daily Brief.

He recently wrote the piece “The Syrian Test of Trump-Putin Accord” for Consortium News, which states: “The U.S. mainstream media remains obsessed over Russia’s alleged ‘meddling’ in last fall’s election, but the real test of bilateral cooperation may come on the cease-fire in Syria.”

McGovern writes: “The immediate prospect for significant improvement in U.S.-Russia relations now depends on something tangible: Will the forces that sabotaged previous ceasefire agreements in Syria succeed in doing so again, all the better to keep alive the ‘regime change’ dreams of the neoconservatives and liberal interventionists? …

“Last fall’s limited ceasefire in Syria, painstakingly worked out over 11 months by Secretary of State John Kerry and Russian Foreign Minister Sergey Lavrov and approved personally by Presidents Obama and Putin, lasted only five days (from Sept. 12-17) before it was scuttled by ‘coalition’ air strikes on well-known, fixed Syrian army positions, which killed between 64 and 84 Syrian troops and wounded about 100 others.”

McGovern now works with Tell the Word, a publishing arm of the ecumenical Church of the Saviour in inner-city Washington. He serves on the Steering Group of Veteran Intelligence Professionals for Sanity (VIPS).

Also see from Gareth Porter “How America Armed Terrorists in Syria” for the American Conservative.

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